Currency: Rouble (Rub) = 100 kopeks. Notes are in denominations of Rub 1000, 500, 100, 50 10 and 5.
Currency exchange: Foreign currency should only be exchanged at official bureaux and all transactions must be recorded on the currency declaration form which is issued on arrival. It is wise to retain all exchange receipts. Bureaux de change are numerous and easy to locate. Large shops offer their own exchange facilities.
Credit cards: Major European and international credit cards, including American Express, Visa and Diners Club, are accepted in the larger hotels and at foreign currency shops and restaurants.
Eurocheques up to Rub300 can be cashed in banks.
Travellers cheques are preferable to cash, but visitors to Moscow would be wise to take some hard currency for purchases.
Currency restrictions: The import and export of local currency is prohibited. All remaining local currency must be reconverted at the point of departure. The import of foreign currency is unlimited, subject to declaration. The export of foreign currency is limited to the amount declared on arrival.
Top-end: US$30 and upwards
Top-end: US$180 and upwards
If you're really frugal, avoiding plane trips, taxis, overseas phone calls and decent restaurants, as well as always looking for the very cheapest place to stay, you should be able to get by on US$80 a day. If you always stay in comfortable hotels and eat in restaurants two or three times a day, you're looking at more like US$185 a day. If you prefer to spend your day eating in Moscow's finest restaurants and sleeping between their crispest sheets, plan on around US$350 and more a day.